Monday, August 24, 2020
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Multicultural Society - Essay Example Regardless, I would characterize a multicultural society as a general public with the conjunction of various societies, attempting to defeat prejudice, sexism, and different types of social segregation. Simultaneously, in the genuine law based multicultural society various societies ought not live independently, they ought to convey in the territory of a culture meeting. The job of correspondence in a multicultural society is incredibly high, since individuals from various social orders have the main opportunity to see each other through open exchange. Correspondence is significant for exchanges in such territories as business, training, medication and others where unequivocal principles ought to be satisfied not relying upon social having a place of person. From my experience, most issues in a multicultural society emerge because of absence of correspondence. For instance, both neighborhood occupants and workers go over challenges in the development of a multicultural society. The best clashes emerge especially in urban communities, since urban areas are the place living together between assorted social gatherings generally happens when various networks seek material government assistance. Thinking about every one of these focuses, I would state that the world makes incredible progress in working of a multicultural society, particularly in created nations.
Wednesday, July 15, 2020
How to Assess the Quality of Your Business Model Just as it is a necessity to visit your doctor on a periodic basis to ensure your continuing health, it is equally imperative that you do regular analyses of your business model to ensure that it is still aligned to market forces.This leads to small adjustments in the business model which compound over time, but it may also lead to a major overhaul of the model if required. Evaluating the business model is a sure fire to predict how well the business will do in the future.Furthermore, evaluation tools must be adaptable and applicable to a variety of different business models for them to prove useful. © Shutterstock.com | PeshkovaIn this article, we look at 1) why evaluate a business model, 2) concept for assessing business models, and 3) additional measures for assessing business models.WHY EVALUATE A BUSINESS MODEL?The business world is littered with brilliant ideas which failed due to poor planning or mediocre execution of the plan. Hence, just having a wonderful idea is not an automatic guarantee for success. The plan and implementation for the business model is crucial to the sustainable success of the idea. Knowing whether an entrepreneur is in possession of a potentially successful plan is, therefore, a key question for the entrepreneur. Some questions that an entrepreneur can ask are;What technique or tool can lend validity to my business model and ensure that it is the right choice for my company?What method can I use to analyze and monitor my business on a periodic basis?What steps do I need to take to ensure continuous improvement in my business?Business managers, entr epreneurs and company owners must be in possession of tools that allow them to frequently and robustly evaluate their businesses. The reasons for these needs can be;Have awareness of their strengths and weaknesses,Analyze how well their team has performed,Create quantitative goals and encourage smart spending,Develop different managerial levels so they are ready for the next step in the business,Provide inspiration and delegate decision-making and responsibility to the team,Streamline their businesses so they are get more market share and have increased cash flows,Face obstacles with a defined plan of action appropriate for the nature of the obstacle.CONCEPT FOR ASSESSING BUSINESS MODELSEvaluating Business Models using Business Model Canvas SWOTAlexander Osterwalder and Pigneur proposed a twofold assessment tool which represents a SWOT for the entire model and then additionally a SWOT for each building block of the model. Evaluating a business model as a whole or through the buildi ng blocks are both complementary activities. Hence to evaluate the SWOT of a section of the business model like Value Proposition will result in a handful of statements and their marks regarding the value proposition. Hedman and Kalling also presented a business model has a few key characteristics like; customers, competitors, offering, activities and organization, resources, supply of production and output and finally to measure the progress of the model over time, there is the management cope which would leave a cultural impact on the children. Eventually, they arrived at the final tally for critical success factors; 42 are considered necessary to success, and 15 can be used as tools to measure the amount of success.Evaluation Criteria from Morris, Schindehutte, Richardson and Allen, 2006The nature of the business model employed by the entrepreneur has been of particular interest and importance to authors such as Morris, Schindehutte, Richardson and Allen with varying conclusions. However, they do seem to have common elements like value creation but the language varies because each author assigns their own meaning to the terms they are using for the purpose of the study rather than using a singular language across the board. Just as we need a cohesive language across researchers we also need the business management team of a single company to have a common understanding or language as far the business model for the company is concerned. When they say business model of the entrepreneur, the entire team must be completely aligned on the meaning.The definition of âbusiness modelâ is used toâdescribe a companyâs unique value proposition (the business concept), how the firm uses its sustainable competitive advantage to perform better than its rivals over time (strategy), and whether, as well as how the firm can make money now and in the future (revenue model) (Morris, Schindehutte, Richardson and Allen, 2006, p. 28).âAll models eventually directly or in directly imply that the companyâs competitive advantage which is created through a series of unique competencies is the imperative measure of evaluating the companyâs business model. Most studies delve into what is included in the concept of the business model and as well as the parts that make up the whole business model. One such part which is a common theme in most studies is the value network which is the joined group of partners, suppliers and other players who somehow have a stake in the regular running of the new business. Partners are a key element here and can be referring to businesses engaged in joint ventures, strategic alliances, and trade associations. They are usually bound by a legal document defining the relationship. Then we have another element which is related to the consumer segment the business is targeting as the buyer for its products and services. For an entrepreneur, knowing what you are selling to who is a huge win in their pocket. Another undeniable element is, of course, the value proposition of the company; that unique element that it offers to its consumers over all existing options they have in a particular category.The next competency under consideration is the companyâs unique set of internal rules and processes that keep it functioning on a daily basis. It will also include internal expertise such as supply chain management, etc. The next element on the agenda is the cost elements or all the factors that contribute towards representing cost for the company during the course of the products life cycle from conception to creation to selling it to the consumer. Then there is strategy which breaks down the organizationâs overall purpose for existence into actionable plans and priorities for the future. Additional elements to consider are the revenue and pricing considerations that the company undergoes.These are just the tip of the iceberg where research on business model is concerned. Scholars have introduced numerous factors to consider during the course of their study of the business model. This is because this is a relatively untapped field in research, and most of the information available on it is purely theoretical in nature. The subject is not old enough for much facts to have emerged from the testing of various theories.Overall progress on evaluating business models has been slow for the most part. Some authors have presented alternates to the criteria discussed above. These alternates are;Uniqueness or novelty; this defines what sets the business model apart from others of its kind in the marketThe future likelihood of making profit from the business model or the business modelâs ability to remain unique from the rest.Comprehensiveness or how thoroughly it covers the entirety of the scope it is aimed towardsInimitability; how difficult it is for others to emulate the same model due to the unique factors that make it up.Robustness or how well the business model stands various tests and still remains viable.Sustainability or the business model has the ability to continue at a consistent rate or levelOther frameworks for assessing business modelsNICE framework from Amit ZottAmit and Zott boiled down their analysis to four major criteria. These are primarily aimed towards e-businesses but can be applied to companies following the brick and mortar model too.Novelty: This refers to the renewal ability of the company. In essence, novelty refers to anything the company could be doing which represents a fresh new approach to the business previously unemployed in the industry or the market.Lock-in: Also known as switching costs, this criterion measures the companyâs ability to create loyal repeat customers as well as partnerships that will not be dissolved in favor of the competition. Parties with a relationship with the company should remain with the company if ever the chance for making a choice arrivesComplementarities: This refers to how the various product lines of a single company and how complimentary are they to each other so that if a consumer is buying one, will he automatically feel the need to buy the second making his purchase more meaningful.Efficiency: This refers to transaction efficiency and proclaims that the more the volume of transactions, the less cost incurred by the company per transaction.Hamel 4 performance indicatorsThe nine building blocks by Osterwalder and Hammelâs four performance indicators share a significant overlap. Hamel defines the following four factors as indicators of wealth potentialEfficiency: The efficiency in delivering the value proposition to the target market by the companyUniqueness: How novel the premise of the companyâs existence isFit: how the various building blocks your business stands on tie into each other and complement one anotherProfit Boosters: How much the company employs âprofit boostersâ so it can increase it returns past the industry averageADDITIONAL MEASURES OF ASSESSING B USINESS MODELS1. Are your switching costs a deterrent to customer churn?The cost time or effort it would cost a customer to find an alternate to your or product or service in the market is called switching costs and most organizations strive to keep switching costs high, so customers continue to use their product and service. A company that used this measure to stunning success is Apple. When the iPod first came out, Steve Jobs also had software created which allowed users to sync their music to their music player. This meant that the effort required for a user to switch music players would more than double, a cost too high for most customers to attempt the switch.2. How scaleable is your business model?Scale-ability refers to how easily the business model allows the owner to increase the size of the business without a significant impact on the bottom line. This is the most easily done for businesses that operate online but is also possible for companies operating in the actual worl d. Facebook is a valid example since it required only a few thousand engineers to create profiles for millions of users.3. Does your business model produce recurring revenue?Recurring revenue is revenue that the company gets on a regular basis through repeat customers without having to expend any extra money to keep them attracted to your business. Another form of recurring revenues is through supporting products that the customers have to invest in on a regular basis such as cartridges that you have to keep buying for a new printer to keep it functional and useful4. Do you earn before you spend?This is an obvious metric and one used with great success by Dell, who would assemble the computer once the order has been booked creating revenue before any costs are incurred. This helps the business remain liquid.5. How much do you get others to do the work?This is a unique yet most vaunted quality in a business model. The kind of business model that saves you the labour costs and asks ot hers, sometimes even the customer, to help put together or create the product. IKEA charges a premium for getting itâs customers to assemble their own furniture saving IKEA millions in labor and storage costs. Similarly, Facebook is popular for the access to content it provides but very little of this content is actually produced by Facebook itself.6. Does your business model provide built in protection from competition?Some business models are so unique in their features that they become impossible to emulate which is a competitive advantage permanently belonging to the business owner. Apple has complete monopoly on its business model which helps it create game-changing trend-setting technology which leaves most players trying to copy the end product because they cannot create and sustain the same kind of creative energy at their own offices.7. Is your business model based on a game changing cost structure?Smart spending is a great buzz word in the corporate environment today and a popular theme at strategy meetings. There are, however, a lot of companies who have taken smart spending to a whole new level by creating a cost structure so innovative, it has changed entire industries. Bharti Airtel, one of the leading telecom providers in India realized early on the cascading costs of an expensive infrastructure and IT would not be a successful strategy for Indiaâs price sensitive regular customer. So they did away with both units and instead bought up network capacity on a variable cost basis from a group of companies. In this way, it is able to provide extremely low cost telecom services to its customers.8. How does your business model design perform?It is natural that not all business models will score well on all the above-mentioned areas. However, some business models have been known to score extremely low in these areas and yet experience wild success. However, evaluating your business model according to the methods mentioned in this article will help the entrepreneur thoroughly test the business model and discover weak spots if any.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Theodore Roosevelt, born October 27, 1858, was the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ twenty sixth President. Roosevelt was born into a wealthy and socially dominant family. Though he was a quick thinker and very bright, he was not very physically fit; Roosevelt had severe asthma attacks as a youth. (Andrews) Roosevelt attended Harvard College starting with a science major, but his eventual majors were law and politics. After graduating Harvard in 1880, Roosevelt married his first wife, had his first child, and lost his wife two weeks after the birth of their daughter on Valentines day 1884. He had also begun his career in politics, joining the Republican Party when they were treated like a private organization, having fewÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Roosevelt had stated, Ã¢â¬Å"If I wanted anything to eat it was wise to carry it with me.Ã¢â¬ He also suggested, Ã¢â¬Å"I would earnestly advise the men of every volunteer organization always to proceed upon the belief t hat their supplies will not turn up.Ã¢â¬ (Roosevelt) nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In June of 1898 at the battle of San Juan Hill, Roosevelt was given notification that there might be orders to fall back. After seeing his men fight, he told General Joseph Wheeler that he did not know if he could follow those orders. Roosevelt and his men were often told that the battles would take place at night and it so happened that one Saturday morning there were shots fired and by morning there was artillery being fired at the regiment. (Roosevelt) nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;After the battle at San Juan Hill, the men were exhausted and hungry. They had managed to gain control of some of the SpanishÃ¢â¬â¢s supplies and provisions. (Jeffers) nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Despite the Rough Riders accomplishments during the Spanish American War, Washington was given the option to withdraw their troops from Cuba, but the proposal was vetoed. Allowing the men to fulfill their patriotic duty, but also caused a huge increase in sickness and fatigue. (Roosevelt) Even though Roosevelt and his men were always eager to fight, three fourths of the men had either died, became sick withShow MoreRelatedEssay on Teddy Roosevelt1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Roosevelt, Theodore (American President) (c. 1858-1919) RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s presidency began with the chaos of McKinleyÃ¢â¬â¢s assassination in 1901, when Roosevelt was 43 years old, and ended after his second term, achieved by his election to President in 1904. Although RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s selection as McKinleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Vice-President was more of a political pay-off, and the New York political machine, fearing an independent Roosevelt, was more than ready to say good-bye to Roosevelt as Governor, Roosevelt is acknowledgedRead MoreTeddy Roosevelt : A Sick Kid808 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTeddy Roosevelt. Adventurist, Workaholic, Naturalist, Republican, Hunter etc. He did it all. But he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t exactly start that way. We all know Teddy as the one who just wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop. He did EVERYTHING, if he had an idea, he put it out there and no matter how dumb the idea the public supported him because they loved him so much. But once again, he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t start that way. Teddy Roosevelt was a sick kid from the very start, he had a breathing problem. He had an inhaler ever since he knew how to useRead MoreEssay on Teddy Roosevelt and the Panama Canal512 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesTeddy Roosevelt and the Panama Canal Teddy Roosevelt was a man who liked to creat a stir wherever he went. He loved mingling with people to boost his own self-image.He loved to impress people with his cowboyism, his collection of guns, and his pintsize spectacles.Also, Roosevelt was a direct-actionist.He wanted to keep the country moving foward and preserve his public image at the same time. He wanted to display to his supporters that he could lead the country and be a jovial person simulataneouslyRead MoreTeddy Roosevelt in the Progressive Era Essay1180 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTeddy Roosevelt in the Progressive Era Progressivism originated as the optimistic vision that society was capable of improvement, and that continued growth and advancement were the nations destiny. This, however, would require direct, purposeful human intervention in social and economic affairs. Progressive reformers wished to limit the disperse authority and wealth by empowering the government to regulate or break up trusts at both state and national levels. They also believed in the importanceRead MoreTheodore Roosevelt : A Young Boy Teddy976 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Theodore Ã¢â¬Å"TeddyÃ¢â¬ Roosevelt Jr was born on October 27, 1858 in New York City. His parents were Theodore Ã¢â¬Å"TheeÃ¢â¬ Roosevelt, Sr. and Martha Stewart Bulloch. He was the second born out of four children who included his older sister Anna, younger brother Elliott and younger sister named Corinne. Elliott was the father of the First Lady Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. As a young boy Teddy suffered from severe asthma, which had a huge impact on his body and health. RooseveltRead MoreTeddy Roosevelt And The Development Of The National Parks1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Teddy Roosevelt and the development of the National Parks 11/30/2014 Nicholas Wittkopp He was the youngest candidate to become president. He was the leader of the progressive movement. He was our twenty sixth president, he served from 09/14/1901 to 03/4/1909. He was a writer of thirty five books. He was New York s thirty third governor. He was a naturalist. He was a war hero in the Spanish-American War. He was a member of rough riders. He trust busted forty corporations. He madeRead MoreTheodore Teddy Roosevelt And The President Of The United States955 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Theodore Ã¢â¬Å"TeddyÃ¢â¬ Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States. He was born in New York City on October 27, 1858. His parents, Theodore and Martha Bulloch Roosevelt, had 4 children. TeddyÃ¢â¬â¢s brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s name was Elliot, and his sisters were Anna and Corinne. As a child, Teddy was active and curious. He had asthma, though, and was also nearsighted. He traveled a lot with his family. He went to Europe and the Middle East when he was 10 and 14. When he was 12, his father built a gymnasium forRead MoreTeddy Roosevelt: An American Hero Essay examples1986 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Trey Draper Dr. Rager History 136 10-21-2011 Theodore Roosevelt: American Hero Although many people at the time disagreed with the actions of Teddy Roosevelt, he played a very important role in the Spanish-American war by not only preparing the navy, but on the front lines of combat as well. Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States of America, had a huge impact on the Spanish-American war in many ways. The war also had a huge impact on Theodore RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s politicalRead MoreTheodore (Ã¢â¬ËTeddyÃ¢â¬â¢ or T.R.) Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858 in New York City, New York. Teddy800 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTheodore (Ã¢â¬ËTeddyÃ¢â¬â¢ or T.R.) Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858 in New York City, New York. Teddy was the second born out of four children in his family. As a child I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t say he was the healthiest. He suffered from asthma and poor eye sight, which explains his glasses, throughout his childhood. Since he was sick all of the time he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t attend school, he was home schooled. His mom and sometime s aunt would be his teacher. His family traveled around Europe, while they were in Europe, Teddy attendedRead MoreThe Meaning and Value of a Teddy Bear721 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesof a bear doll named teddy bear. Teddy bear is a symbol of innocent that protects children from fear and makes children to have good-night-sleep. Teddy Bears have been hogging loves from kids all over the world for a long time. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Essays on Supreme Court Justice Debate the Constitution Essay The paper "Supreme Court Justice Debate the Constitution" is an outstanding example of an essay on law. To start with, Court judges Stephen Breyer and Antonin Scalia are legitimate extremes, however in no way, shape or form enemies. In October 2011, the two Justices testified before a Senate Judiciary Committee in Congress (Andrea, 2011). The conversation forms the foundation of all legal debates and how to translate the Constitution of the United States of America. For close to two hours, the Justices talked about the contrasts between the role of judges and their judicial philosophies. The open debate has Scalia and Breyer explaining the likelihood of persuasion, drawbacks of Constitutional history, and the possibility or existence of Justice and equity. Without any doubt, the two Justices concur more than they differ. Collectively, they concur in most of the cases they considered. Justice Scalia accepts the fact that judges ought to focus and strictly observe the expectations of the mastermind behind the expressions of the Constitution. Indeed, Scalia is considerate about any deviations from the initial meaning of the Constitutions content. He unequivocally condemns Supreme Court rulings that enhance activist judiciary rather than playing a neural part in a democratic society (Moran, 2011, p30). However, Justice Breyer believes that the ideas outlined by the framers of the Constitution should be restructured to apply to modern society. Breyer concentrates fundamentally on making Americas examination in democracy useful by giving a voice to the people through the aggregate judgments and opinions of the nine unelected Justices of the Supreme Court (p.36)In conclusion, Justices Scalia and Breyer talk about the diverse speculations of h ow to translate and implement the U.S Constitution to cases and how they influence democracy and the daily lives of American citizens. While Justice Breyer interprets the Constitution by using the Living Constitution approach, Scalia expresses his concerns using the Textual approach. As observed, the two Justices concur that there is a misrepresentation of legal moderation and that religion cases are hard. Also, Scalia and Breyer agree to the fact that judicial activism bears no results.
Abstract Marketization is an increasing phenomenon within the current environment. Every sector of the economy continues to adopt the concept of marketization in a bid to enhance efficiency, effectiveness, and competitiveness of the affected sectors. One of the main sectors identified in the current literature review is higher education. We will write a custom essay sample on Impact of Marketization on Higher Education in the UK or any similar topic only for you Order Now The paper below provides a critical literature review on the basis of theoretical and empirical reviews. The theoretical review identifies and explains the theory of marketization whereas the empirical review evaluates the varied findings and views of the scholars and researchers on the impact of marketization on higher education. The results of the review state that there are both negative and positive impacts of marketization on higher education in respect to UK. Key words: Marketization, higher education, theoretical, empirical Introduction The following is a review of literature on the impact of marketization on higher education in the UK. Evidently, marketization, which involves the restructuring, remodelling, and transformation of publicly-owned enterprises or organisations into market-based entities, continues to be a common phenomenon especially in the current century. Through marketization, majority of the higher learning institutions in the UK have been transformed from being owned by the government to market-oriented institutions to enhance quality and operations. A number of researchers and scholars have conducted an evaluation and analysis on the impact of the concept on higher education in the UK. Therefore, the current paper aims at reviewing some of the literatures explaining the impact of marketization on higher education. In accomplishing this objective, the current literature review is performed on the basis of theoretical and empirical reviews. The review ends with a concluding remark that summarises th e main points whilst stating the stand of the analysis. Theoretical Review Marketization theory describes the functionality of marketization. According to Raffe and Croxford (2013), the theory of marketization provides a good foundation to nations in introducing the aspects of choices, competition, and public accountability, which are essential in enhancing the quality of products or services under production. Evidently, the theory of marketization helps in eliminating different economic problems and concepts such as unfavourable market competition, inefficiencies in markets, and the lack of players and market forces that are likely to influence the production process. Based on the theory of marketization argues it is important to transform an entire economy by getting rid of the planned economic system and allowing market-based scenario to prevail in the economy in question (Quinlan, 2014). Amongst the aspects discussed within the theory of marketization include liberalisation, contracting reforms, stimulating of competition, incentive creation, and outsou rcing reforms that will help in transforming the higher education sector. Other aspects explained within the theory of marketization include the reduction of regulation, opening market-oriented systems, and effective allocation of resources (Xue-chao, 2012). From such perceptions, it is arguably important to note that the theory of marketization explains the fact that through the concept of liberalising an economy all the trade barriers and price controls are significantly removed, which provide space to the various stakeholders to actively engage in ensuring that there is high quality production process. From the perspective of the marketization theory, a number of economies across the globe are calling upon for the deregulation of institutions of higher learning with the aim of making them more competitive within the global market. The 2013 year has been a year of marketization of the higher education system in the UK (Raffe Croxford, 2013). Throughout the 2013, UK developed policies and strategies towards attaining a fully marketised system especially for the higher education sector. Since 2013 UK has developed numerous and possibly effective policies that are aimed at encouraging the expansion of higher education. Expansion of higher education as anticipated by the UK government through development of various policies has the sole objective of increasing participation of all the stakeholders in education (McNeill, 2012). Increased participation of all involved stakeholders in the higher education courtesy of marketization concept results into a more educated workforce, which has actually enabled the UK to experience a growth in its economy. Indeed, marketization of the higher education in UK has offered a perfect ground-breaking insight on how the government policies can be employed towards altering the structures and operations of different institutions for higher learning especially universities and technical colleges (Xue-chao, 2012). The following section provides an empirical review of the previous studies and views of the scholars on the impact of the marketization on higher education with special focus to the UK. Empirical Review Different scholars and researchers have performed evaluation, analysis, and studies on the impact of marketization on higher education in the UK. Brown (2013) conducted a study that aimed at describing the concept of market-based policies with regards to higher education in the UK. In addition, Brown (2013) also aimed at assessing the historical background regarding the current reforms within higher education in UK especially in respect to marketization. The study by Brown (2013) established that there has been an improvement in higher education as seen within the idea of competition, efficiency, responsiveness, as well as innovation courtesy of marketization. From the perspective of the theory of marketization, Brown (2013) argued that marketization has provided the opportunity for different stakeholders other than government to also engage in providing services of education and learning in higher institutions of learning. Therefore, from the study of Brown it is evident that market ization has positive impact on higher education within UK. The other study was performed by Hommel and King (2013) who sought to find out the financial dimension of specific reforms by the government especially in respect to developing an educational sector that is risk-based. From the corporate risk management literature, Hommel and King (2013) found out that business schools, which continues to adopt the risk-based regulations and reforms to meet their objectives and targets with respect to learning process, face a lot of challenges especially in line with managing risks. In this respect, Hommel and King (2013) established the fact that business schools especially within the ranks of universities and other institutions of higher learning should be careful about their financial solvency through effective and efficient maintenance of functioning risks. Hence, on the perspective of the study conducted by Hommel and King (2013), it is evident that in as much as marketization provides some positive impacts there are negative impacts that accrue due to the concept for instance the increase exposure to various financial risks. Natale and Doran (2012) also performed a study on the marketization of education in a bid to identify the ethical dilemma that exists in the same. From the study, it is clear that the marketing of education continues to be epidemic, which calls for the suffusion of both practices and principles of business in the management of higher education. However, Natale and Doran (2012) established in their study that in as much as the higher education is becoming more advanced, efficient, effective, and very competitive, the idea of exposing higher education to marker-based systems has resulted into increased costs of education. As a result, there is a growing ethical concern, that is, even though on one side the higher education sector is becoming more efficient, effective, and competitive, the cost of accessing such higher education has become higher and unattainable since the pricing has been left on market forces. Such views have also been put forward by Tapper (2013), who argue that desp ite positive impacts of marketization on higher education, the market-based systems have exposed the pricing of higher education to market forces, which makes the entire cost expensive. Hence, there is need to identify whether to enhance efficiency at the expense of the cost of providing education. The other study was conducted by Holmwood (2012) with an aim of analysing markets and publics as the new battlegrounds for the sector of higher education across many economies. Holmwood (2012) evaluated the recent policy changes especially started by the British Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government. The policy by the coalition government is a preferred paradigm shift with respect to restructuring and remodelling of the higher education sector. The findings from the study showed that there has been radical and neo-liberal approach towards transforming the higher education sector. So far, the policies developed by the government have been very successful in enhancing the efficiency, effectiveness, and competitiveness of higher education. However, Holmwood (2012) stated in the study that the only problem with transforming higher education sector into a market-based system is the fact that monocultural perspectives are likely to result into value of what is lost. Despite th e problem of monoculture as created by the market-based systems, Holmwood (2012) strongly believe that marketization is indeed a good concept; a view that has also been supported by Nickola et al (2012). Consequently, marketization continues to be a good foundation for changing higher education in the UK. Conclusion The above is a literature review explaining the impacts of marketization on higher education with special focus to the UK. The review contains two main sections, namely, the theoretical review and the empirical review. On the basis of the theoretical review, it is evident that the theory of marketization calls for the removal of the public or government dominance in the running and management of institutions of higher learning. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s more, the theory of marketization explains that through changing the higher education sector to market-based system, the private sector is highly involved, which results into enhanced efficiency, effectiveness, and competitiveness of the higher institutions of learning. On a different perspective, the empirical review provides an analysis and evaluation of the various findings by different researchers and scholars on the impact of marketization on higher education. From the empirical review, it is clear that whereas there are numerous positive im pacts of marketization on higher education, the concept also has negative impacts on the same sector. List of References Brown, R. 2013, Ã¢â¬Å"Access to Higher Education: The Shift towards Market-Based Policies in the UKÃ¢â¬ , DICE Report, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 23-27. Holmwood, J. 2012, Ã¢â¬Å"Markets versus Publics: The New Battleground of Higher EducationÃ¢â¬ , Harvard International Review, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 12-15. Hommel, U. King, R. 2013, Ã¢â¬Å"The emergence of risk-based regulation in higher educationÃ¢â¬ , The Journal of Management Development, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 537-547. McNeill, T., 2012, Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËDonÃ¢â¬â¢t affect the share priceÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢: social media policy in higher education as reputation management. Research in Learning Technology, vol. 20. Natale, S.M. Doran, C. 2012, Ã¢â¬Å"Marketization of Education: An Ethical DilemmaÃ¢â¬ , Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 105, no. 2, pp. 187-196. Nickolai, D. H., Hoffman, S. G., Trautner, M. N., 2012, Can a knowledge sanctuary also be an economic engineThe marketization of higher education as institutional boundary work. Sociology Compass, vol. 6, no. 3; Pp. 205-218. Quinlan, K. M., 2014, Everything for saleThe marketisation of UK higher education. By Roger Brown with Helen Carasso. British Journal of Educational Studies, (ahead-of-print), 1-3. Raffe, D., Croxford, L., 2013, How stable is the stratification of higher education in England and Scotland?. British Journal of Sociology of Education, (ahead-of-print), 1-23. Tapper, T., 2013, Roger Brown and H. Carasso: Everything for saleThe marketisation of UK higher education. Higher Education, vol. 66, no. 5; Pp. 641-643. Xue-chao, Y. H. J. M., 2012, Marketization of Higher Education in the UK: The Perspective of Financing [J]. Tsinghua Journal of Education, vol. 3, no. 015. How to cite Impact of Marketization on Higher Education in the UK, Essay examples
Saturday, April 25, 2020
Platos Allegory of the Cave in Pleasantville Paper Writer and director Gary Ross captured the essence of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophical views in his movie, Pleasantville. The movie is about two siblings, David and Jennifer, who live in completely different high school social scenes. Jennifer is the wild, extroverted teen who is obsessed with partying and boy drama. David, on the other hand, is a social outcast and spends most of his time watching TV, specifically, his favorite show, Pleasantville. David idolizes the show because of the perfect town in which everyone is accepted and there is never anything that goes wrong. When the siblingsÃ¢â¬â¢ mother goes away, the two are left arguing over what TV channel to watch. As their fighting develops, they eventually break the remote, which leads to the plot twist when the two are transported into the town of Pleasantville. This movie directly relates to PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophical beliefs, specifically his conclusions about the Allegory of the Cave. However, the movie can also be loosely related to PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s noumenal and phenomenal realms in the sense that it is hard to tell the difference between the intelligible and sensible realms. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs are interpreted and modernized in the movie, which demonstrate the four truths that Plato realizes in his Allegory of the Cave conclusions. Pleasantville helps the audience understand the conclusions Plato draws from the Allegory of the Cave. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s first conclusion explains why gathering knowledge and education can be difficult. The movie is a parallel because David and JenniferÃ¢â¬â¢s cave is the life they lead as high school students. They are brought to the light when they are transported to Pleasantville. We will write a custom essay sample on Platos Allegory of the Cave in Pleasantville specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Platos Allegory of the Cave in Pleasantville specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Platos Allegory of the Cave in Pleasantville specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer There, they must adapt to a different lifestyle and confront the truths about themselves that they ignored in the superficial world they once inhabited. When they are brought to Pleasantville, they also act as a philosopher who is bringing knowledge to the small town. For the people that live in Pleasantville, they are stuck in a cave and David and Jennifer are their keys to the light. The movie contrasts parallel universeÃ¢â¬â¢s, showing that perspective is what makes someone stuck in a cave. Because the people of Pleasantville and David and Jen learn new things about themselves, they all escaped the cave and gathered knowledge. The road to enlightenment was not an easy road, however. David and Jennifer had a difficult time maturing and leaving behind their old masks; the town of Pleasantville had a very difficult time gaining a new perspectiveÃ¢â¬âthe town leaders tried everything they could to forbid people from leaving their perfect little world. This parallel of the cave explains PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s first conclusion of how education can often be difficult because it means turning your back on everything familiar. The movie also very clearly identifies with PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s second conclusion that explains why philosophers are often ridiculed. When Jennifer and David were transported to Pleasantville, they were immediately hated for disrupting the order in the town. They had to learn how to cope with a completely different world, while also instilling in others their new perspective and experience. While Pleasantville is black and white, the town represents the ignorance that people in the cave feel. However, when the town begins to turn to color, the people are finally seeing the light and escaping from the cave. This I somewhat ironic because, for both the people of Pleasantville and David and Jen, they all begin their journey in black and white. This is interesting because, from Jen and DavidÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, the two had already experienced the world and were sent to Pleasantville to not disrupt anything. They, however, were very mistaken. They were just as ignorant as the people of Pleasantville, just in a different way. JenÃ¢â¬â¢s radical actions of having sex when she goes on a date in Pleasantville do not make her turn to color because her actions are what would be expected from her back in her own cave. She only turns to color when she gets in touch with her emotions and relieves some insecurities that had hindered her from being her full self. The people that first turn to color are ridiculed by town leaders and people that had not yet left the cave. This explains why philosophers are often ridiculed; the people that were in color, representing philosophers, had divorced mundane concerns and found their true inner spirit. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s final two conclusions describe the nature of education and the role of the philosopher, which are also dramatized in the movie. Plato tells that the role of an educator is to point their students in the right direction. In Pleasantville, the people are both students and teachers. They are teachers to Jen and David; the townspeople teach Jen and David the importance of tradition and good values. The townspeople are also students: they learn from Jen and David how to ignite their inner flame and break from the cave that Pleasantville once was. Similarily, Jen and David are also both students and teachers. They are students in that they take the lessons from the people of Pleasantville in order to help them reach the sun and gather knowledge about a world they were unfamiliar with. They are teachers in that they help orient the people of Pleasantville to get in touch with their daring and adventurous side. In this way, being a teacher is the role of the philosopherÃ¢â¬âthe teacher must help others escape from the cave to experience life. Everyone that turned to color towards the beginning of the movie were the Ã¢â¬Å"philosophersÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"teachersÃ¢â¬ that helped instigate everyone else to turn to color. They helped share their knowledge and encouraged people to reach the sun and gather all new kinds of knowledge. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s final two conclusions explain the nature of the philosopher in educating others and how the student has all the information inside them, they just need to tap into their inner mind to retrieve it. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Allegory of the Cave and Gary RossÃ¢â¬â¢s Pleasantville each were very insightful in helping understand the other. By studying the allegory, it was very easy to understand the themes and symbols present in Pleasantville. Conversely, by watching Pleasantville, it was very easy to understand and modernize the conclusions Plato draws in his allegory. Through comprehending both, it is easier to understand PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s four truths: why knowledge can be difficult; why philosophers are ridiculed; the nature of education; and the role of the philosopher.